How to Check the Version of SQL Server Installed
Microsoft SQL Server is a powerful and widely-used relational database management system that offers a broad range of data storage, processing, and security features. As SQL Server is regularly updated with new functionalities, bug fixes, and security patches, it’s crucial for database administrators and developers to be able to determine the version of SQL Server installed in order to ensure compatibility and leverage the latest features.
What is SQL Server and Versions
Understanding SQL Server
SQL Server, developed by Microsoft, is a robust and feature-rich database platform that facilitates the storage and retrieval of data for various applications and websites. It provides a secure and scalable environment for handling structured and unstructured data.
Available Versions and Editions
SQL Server is available in different versions and editions, such as SQL Server 2008, SQL Server 2014, SQL Server 2019, and more. Each version introduces enhancements, improvements, and new features to meet the evolving needs of businesses and developers.
Importance of Identifying SQL Server Version
Identifying the current version of SQL Server is crucial for determining product support, compatibility with applications, and eligibility for specific updates and features. Moreover, it helps in planning for upgrades and understanding the capabilities of the installed SQL Server instance.
How to Determine SQL Server Version with SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
Using SQL Server Management Studio for Version Check
SQL Server Management Studio, commonly known as SSMS, is a comprehensive and integrated environment for managing SQL Server databases. It allows users to perform administrative tasks, write and execute T-SQL queries, and monitor server performance.
Accessing Version Information through SSMS
To check the version of the installed SQL Server using SSMS, launch SQL Server Management Studio, connect to the server, and navigate to the Object Explorer. Right-click on the server instance and select Properties. The Product property under the General tab displays the version and edition information.
Locating SQL Server Error Log for Version Details
Additionally, accessing the SQL Server Error Log through SSMS provides detailed information about the installed SQL Server version, cumulative updates, and service pack information in a chronological order, aiding in version identification and troubleshooting.
Using SQL to Check SQL Server Version
Checking SQL Server Version with T-SQL
T-SQL, the language used to manage and manipulate data in SQL Server, offers a simple yet effective way to retrieve the version and edition information. By executing a SELECT @@VERSION query in a new query window in SSMS, users can quickly access the relevant details about the SQL Server instance.
Retrieving Version and Edition from SQL Server Instance
Besides @@VERSION, querying the SERVERPROPERTY function for ProductVersion and Edition returns the specific version number and edition of the SQL Server instance, empowering users to determine the exact build and edition information.
Identifying Installed SQL Server Features
Another T-SQL method involves executing an appropriate query against the system catalog views or functions such as sys.dm_server_services and SERVERPROPERTY to retrieve comprehensive information about the installed SQL Server features, enabling a detailed assessment of the setup.
How to Verify SQL Server Installation
Accessing SQL Server Installation Center for Version Details
The SQL Server Installation Center provides a centralized platform for managing installation options and configurations. Users can access the Installed SQL Server versions section within the Installation tab to verify the version and edition of the installed SQL Server instance.
Exploring SQL Server Features Discovery Report
Upon successful installation, SQL Server generates a Features Discovery Report, which includes detailed information about the installed SQL Server version, edition, and additional components. This report assists in verifying the installation and version-related details.
Determining SQL Server Version from Installation Files
Furthermore, inspecting specific installation files, such as SQL Server setup bootstrapper packages, SQL Server Setup logs, or the registry entries created during installation provides additional confirmation of the installed SQL Server version and related details.
Finding SQL Server Version through Command Line (CMD) & Registry
Locating SQL Server Version Using Command Line
Using the Command Prompt or PowerShell, users can execute commands like sqlcmd -S servername -Q “SELECT @@VERSION” to obtain the version and edition information directly through the command line interface, offering a convenient method for scripting and automation.
Accessing Registry to Identify SQL Server Version
Another approach involves navigating to the Windows Registry Editor and accessing the installed SQL Server’s registry keys to retrieve the version number, product version, and other relevant details for accurate version identification and validation.
Checking SQL Server Version Using PowerShell
PowerShell scripts provide a versatile way to check the SQL Server version by leveraging cmdlets such as Get-ItemProperty to access the registry keys and extract the version-specific information, streamlining the process with automation and remote management capabilities.